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The Different Types Of Mortgages in Europe


In the past, real estate had more flexible options. Some lending agencies offered amazingly cost-efficient schemes, in an effort to land a deal. However, with the state of the market at present, would-be homeowners have but three options to choose from.

To obtain a mortgage it is important to know how to negotiate, especially since it can allow you to make larger savings. Negotiating the mortgage involves two steps.

The first is to negotiate the rate of credit and the second is to negotiate your personal contribution. As a result, the more you input then the lower the interest rate because the bank sees it as less of a risk. Mortgage insurance is not compulsory but may be requested depending on your situation.

europe mortgages
Europe mortgages

You can find three different types of mortgages, which are often available on a Comparison site for your reference.

Fixed-Rate Mortgages

Just like its name, fixed-rate mortgages have a set or fixed interest rate that is created on or before the loan is made. This amount will remain constant throughout the agreed payment period.

Therefore, if you pay a fixed-rate mortgage for $ 100 and agree on a 30 year period of payment, you will pay that set amount in the agreed-upon duration, regardless of monetary inflation or deflation. This is helpful as you will be fully aware of the amount and there is no reason to worry about an increase in payment.

This lowers your risk of paying more in the next few years. However, keep in mind that the lender may choose to demand a higher interest rate as the company may worry about the mentioned deflation of currency.

The fixed-rate mortgage is set at the beginning of the loan; it is secure and does not change throughout the life of the loan/mortgage. However, this rate is usually quite rigid and higher than variable rates.

You’ll also be able to renegotiate your loan with your bank or even to precede a debt consolidation loan by another bank, in case it would be lower today, with the rates that you had contracted some time ago.

Variable-Rate Mortgages

The variable rate fluctuates during the term of the loan (as the name suggests). When rates fall, you are winning. However, the main drawback of the variable rate is that it depends entirely on the market.

The Annual Percentage Rate (APR) is the overall cost of borrowing (including the fees and insurance costs).  The ARM is a type of mortgage wherein the buyer is provided with a set amount of initial monthly payment or interest for a shorter time span.

Therefore, it may last from three months to five years. After this period, the company or bank may decide to change the interest rate or amount, depending on the current market rates. The lender may use a standard index as well. Please note that this may not be to the advantage of the buyer.

However, this type should be considered as there is a big possibility that the next period of adjustment may lessen the amount payable. This type of mortgage usually carries a low interest rate, in comparison to the fixed-rate type. Some lending agencies may also have a cap or maximum limit.

For example, if your current rate was 5% and the cap mentioned is 10%, even if the interest rates were to rise to 20%, you would only have to pay 10% at most.

Purchase real estate credit exists for people whose credit started at a time when rates were higher than at present. It gives them the option to redeem their mortgage. Renegotiate your credit/mortgage directly with the bank associated with the loan. The goal is to obtain more favourable rates than the previous year.

Constant monthly mortgage credit is an idea that is certainly the most widespread in Belgium. As its name suggests, you pay the same monthly payment that always includes a part interest and part capital payment. There are also methods called constant amortization mortgage to capital.

It reduces the average rate of your loan because the capital repaid remains the same throughout the loan term. Therefore, you start with a higher monthly payment and as you pay off the loan/mortgage, it decreases.

Fixed-Term Mortgages

A fixed-term mortgage offer is only for borrowers but be warned as it is attractive through low monthly payments. For the duration of the loan, you repay only the interest (so you do not repay any capital). This means that after your credit, you must pay off the capital all at once, through equity, or through a placement.

mortgage loan

Fixed-term mortgages are often used in credit class 23. Using the principle of the fixed term, credit 23 consists of an equity investment that is expected at the end of your credit, as you pay off the entire EC borrowed capital. This formula has enormous risks in the stock market and investments.

Too few European credit brokers clearly explain the different risks associated with this type of loan and too few highlight the weakness of the monthly payment to achieve their business. The major risk is an obligation to sell if the capital generated is not sufficient to repay the borrowed capital and/or a “redo” loan to pay off the capital (if still possible).

Balloon Mortgage

The balloon mortgage features a fixed monthly payment and interest rate. However, after a set time span, the full balance must be paid. With the state of the economy, a homeowner will rarely have the cash on hand to pay for the total sum, especially if it is due in 5 or six years. This will force the individual to take out a brand new mortgage to cover the sum. If his or her credit does not permit a new loan, the house may be lost. Please note that this type of mortgage should be considered as the final resort.

Of the three mentioned types, it would be best to consider the fixed-rate and adjustable-rate mortgage However, if a person were to prefer a balloon mortgage, he or she should save diligently, in anticipation of the final due date.

Finally, managers of branch 23 have an obligation of means and not an obligation of result. That means they must make every effort to achieve the desired result without any time to allow them to guarantee it.

Read also: An Introduction to Mortgage Pre Approval

Warren Paine

Warren is the senior mortgage loan officer who has worked in mortgages and loan industry since 1995. He study in Harvard and major in Finance with a Bsc. Honor Degree. He possesses a Paralegal Certificate as well.

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